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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease qualifies by Long-term breathing problems and poor airflow. This disease includes emphysema, chronic bronchitis, and asthma. These diseases Qualify by increasing breathlessly, generally in this disease people have to suffer breathing problems.
It is a very progressive disease.  chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  Is a fatal disease and it is also a listing level disease. This kind of disease makes it difficult to empty air out of lungs because your airways have been narrowed.

SYMPTOMS OF CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE

(1)    Shortness of breath
As we know that shortness of breath. With contributes many problems in a human body. So, shortness of breath is the most common symptom that bothers people. It is described as an I can’t get enough breathe and many different terms. Shortness of breath is the worse on exertion of a lengthy duration and worsens over time. A condition in which a person’s airways become inflamed which means it’s suffering from shortness of breath.

(2)    Cough
A chronic cough is the first symptom to develop. There is an airway inflammation using techniques including bronchodilators lavage, analysis of spontaneous and induced sputum and exhale breathe condensate. There are some inflammatory mediators are known to be relating to coughing agents such as prostaglandin. Whether this substance may be involved in stimulating cough or heightening cough reflex sensitivity bin chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.cough is the intractable and crippling symptom that occurs in many chronic respiratory.

(3)    Chest tightness
Chest tightness is the other most common symptom in some human body. Whenever people do exercise, walking, stretching some people feel tightness in their chest it means they are suffering from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

(4)    Fatigue
Fatigue or tightness in the body is another common symptom in a human body with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. You got realized that you get tired more easily then you did in past. You feel dizziness  .you don’t feel energetic. You don’t feel active. It means these are the symptoms of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
There are some other symptoms
(a)    Weight loss
(b)    Swollen ankles
(c)    Tiredness
(d)    Wheezing
(e)    Coughing up blood

CAUSES
(1)    Smoking
In our lifestyle smoking is very common in people about 75 to 90 percent of all chronic obstructive pulmonary disease cases are caused by smoking, when a cigarette burns it creates more than 8,000 chemicals, from these many of the chemicals are very harmful for our health.the chemicals in cigarette weakens your lungs.defense against infection, narrow air passage causes swelling in air tubes and destroy air sacs.

(2)    Environment
As we all know that our environment should not be polluted it causes many problems so, if our environment doesn’t get polluted then people do not have to face many problems and diseases. What you breathe every day, home can play a role to develop the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
(3)    Infection diseases
Infection disease destroys the tissues of the lung that is why people have to suffer from asthma infection diseases also caused to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

TREATMENT

 There are many treatments for the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease but the best is to stop smoking immediately.
Here are some treatments  
MEDICATION
 Doctors use many kinds of medication to treat the symptom and complication of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. You can also take some medication on a regular basis if you need.
You can use bronchodilators this medication comes in the form of inhaler. This inhales relaxes the muscles around the airways.
You can also use inhaled steroids, steroid inhaler also can help in to reduce airway inflammation and help.

Long therapies
Doctors often use these additional therapies for people

(a)    Oxygen therapy
(b)    Pulmonary rehabilitation program


Surgery
Surgery is also an option for some people.
Surgical options include
(1)    Lung volume reduction surgery
In this surgery, doctors remove the wedges of damaged lung tissue.

(2)    Lung transplant
Lung transplantation can improve the ability to breathe who suffers from breathing problems.

LIFESTYLE AND HOME REMEDIES

 If you are suffering from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

(a)    Control your breathing
You should have talked to your doctor or respiratory therapist about the techniques for breathing more efficiently.

(b)    Clean your airways
Controlled coughing and drinking Plenty of water helps

(c)    Eat healthy food
You should always have healthy food so you can maintain your strength.if you are underweight doctors may recommend nutritional supplements.


LIFE EXPECTANCY IN COPD

Study exhibits that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease causes increased fatality rate in the general population.
Pulmonary function testing has classified patient having a global initiative on obstructive lung disease. The chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is associated with the only modest reduction in life expectancy for never smokers. At age65 reduction in male expectancy for stage 1, stage 2, stage 3 or 4 disease in current smokers are 0.3 years, 2.2years, 5.6years.some of these in 3.5 years lost due to smoking and other reductions are 1.3 years and 5.4 years for stage 2, stage 3 or 4 disease and in never smokers they are 0.2 and 1.3 years.

Copd in children

As we all know that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is diagnosed in adults but recently research clear that the sign of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease can be identified earlier in life. Nowadays chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is very progressive lung disease and leading to cause of death. It is almost diagnosed in adults over 40years old and the main cause is smoking.
A recent study says that if adult smokers who had been suffered from pneumonia in childhood were at increased risk for chronic obstructive `pulmonary disease and decreased lung function.


Proper diet to control the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

     If you are suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chances are you have been told that you have to improve your eating habits.
Some doctors suggest that you should have to take a diet chart from a dietitian or nutritionist.
A healthy diet includes a variety of foods. You should try to include these foods In your daily diet.

1.    You should have low-fat proteins such as meat, poultry, and fish
2.    Complex carbohydrates like- wholegrain bread, Brown Rice, lentils, beans, and oats. These foods are high in fiber which improves the function of your digestive system
3.    Fresh fruits and vegetables contain vitamin, minerals, and fiber which will help to keep your body healthy
4.    Food containing potassium, including bananas, avocado, tomatoes, dark leafy greens, asparagus, beans, and potatoes. These foods are especially useful if your dietitian or doctor has prescribed you a diuretic medication.
5.    People who are suffering from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease should try to drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Around six to eight glasses should drink.
6.    Try to eat five to six small meals per day, rather than three large ones.
7.    Try to eat your main meal early in the day which will boost your energy level for the whole day and you feel energetic.
8.    Sodium –you should try to avoid food which contains sodium because sodium increases blood pressure and make shortness of breath which causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
9.    You should have smoothies, which can be made with protein powder, yogurt, fruits, and vegetables.
10.    You should try to have peanut butter instead of normal butter. Because peanut butter contains protein which is good for your health.
11.    Try to consider adding nutritional supplements at night time to avoid feeling full during the day.
12.    You need to get extra calcium to help protect your bones like adding Cheese to dishes like potatoes, rice or vegetables will increase both the nutrients.
13.    Vitamin D helps to keep your bones strong so you should also have food and that contains vitamin D.
14.    You should avoid caffeine, caffeine is not a good option for someone who’s suffering from the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. It causes nervousness and restlessness.

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