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All About Diabetes
ALL ABOUT DIABETES
Diabetes is a critical long-term physical disease. It is a continuous, and hopeless disease which can be controlled but cannot heal completely. It happens when the body fails to prepare food accurately to utilize the food as energy. When we eat the food, it turns into sugar or glucose which plays a significant role in our bodies to use it as a source of strength and energy. This glucose with a help of insulin (a hormone emerged by the pancreas, an organ function near the stomach) go inside the cells of our bodies. When this whole process fails, in any case, give a reason to roots life-threatening disease 'Diabetes'.
What are the types of Diabetes
There are two serious types of diabetes; Type 1 and Type 2.
TYPE 1 DIABETES
Usually, this type of diabetes mostly takes place in the young adults or teens. According to a well-known survey, approximately 10% to 15% of people get affected by type 1 diabetes. It is also known as Juvenile or Minor diabetes. It occurs due to little production or no production of insulin in the body. Affected people are generally reliant on taking insulin on daily basis for their life continuation or to stay alive.
What Causes Type 1 diabetes
It is difficult to understand the accurate reason behind the cause of Type 1 diabetes. But it is assumed that it causes when the immune system of human body destroys the beta cells produces by insulin in the pancreas.
Experimenters believe that it can happen due to several environmental circumstances or hereditary willingness.
TYPE 2 DIABETES
Nowadays, around 3 out of 5 persons is a patient of Type 2 diabetes. Approximately, 85% to 90% of problems are of type 2 diabetes. It can be seen mostly in adults or begins generally after 35 to 40 years of age. It is sad but true that for the last few years this serious type of diabetes can also be found in the young adults or teenage groups and even in the minors.
There are mainly two reasons for the cause of type 2 diabetes:
1. When the pancreatic cells fail to create adequate insulin,
2. Secondly, in some people, it occurs when the pancreatic makes enough insulin but the insulin does not function properly. This not so proper job of insulin is known as insulin resistance.
Both the conditions trigger an uncontrollable increase in blood sugar level (glucose), which discourage the body to work properly to utilize this glucose as a source of energy.  
Possibilities of its causes:
Risks that cause to happen type 2 diabetes are as follow-
1. Obesity or overweight
2. Producing fat around the waist area (abdominal)
3. Lack of physical movement
4. Unhealthy diets
5. High blood pressure
6. Past case of unusually high blood sugar
7. Genetic 
8. Men are more unsafe as compared to women
9. Age effects can increase the risk determinants
10. Lack of knowledge
 
Prediabetes
 
Prediabetes is also one important type of this life-threatening disease. It is a situation when blood sugar levels (glucose) increase to an unusual range than the standard level of glucose. but still does not give roots to issues of diabetes. It can be taken as a warning signal.
 
Prediabetic cases are at a greater possibility of forming type 2 diabetes in a short period of time, particularly if people have additional danger possibilities, for instance:
 
1.  Obesity or overweight
2. Making more fat in the waist area (abdominal)
3. Lack of physical activity
4. Unhealthy nutrition
5. High blood pressure
6. During pregnancy 
7. Genetic 
8. Men get more affected as compared to women
9. Growing age can raise the risk determinants
10. Lack of knowledge
 
What are the main symptoms of diabetes -
 
1. Frequent Urination
2. Extreme hunger
3. Excessive thirst
4. Abnormal weight gain
5. Strange weight loss
6. Anger 
7. Developed fatigue
8. Blurred eyesight
9. Skin diseases
10. Injuries that don't get recover properly
11. Red swelled gums
12. Sexual weaknesses among men
13. Insensitivity in feet and hands
 
Complications
 
If diabetes persists for a long period of time or in other words if you suffer from high sugar levels in your blood from the very long period it can severely put a negative impact on your kidneys, heart, your nervous system, the blood vessel, your eyes and your feet. These complications mostly take birth due to long-term diabetes. 
 
Diabetes can be controlled or prevented by the proper medication and guidance. People can continue to live happily and healthy, if they follow some preventive measures to overcome diabetes. So that, they may have less chance of disease or even live a healthy life without any health issues.
 
Prevention and treatment
 
Following below points can help to prevent diabetes:
 
1. Proper medication and insulin as prescribed by your doctor.
2. Taking proper diet to aid prevent type 2 diabetes without any medication. A nutritionist or a dietician can guide you better regarding this matter.
3. Monitor weight or lose fat, mainly, around the abdominal and waist area. Control in weight can treat to decrease glucose level.
4. Proper body hygiene & care primarily associated with dental, foot, and skin.
5. Regular check-ups and tests in the intervals of 3-6 months as prescribed by your doctor.
6. Self-monitor with the help of a blood sugar level measurement device (can be found easily in any medical stores). 
7. Regular exercise is one of an important prevention of diabetes. With regular yoga and meditation, one can easily overcome the chances of long-term complications of diabetes.
8. Restrict sleep apnea to control blood sugar levels.
9. By following proper measures to control stress like meditation, yoga, healthy diet, maintaining a habit of sleeping in a cool and normal temperature and maintaining the same sleep timetable.
10. Adequate knowledge correlated with this health hazard.
11. The proper physical activity supports limit long-term complications of diabetes.
 
Physical activity plays a crucial role in staying active and healthy and help to control diabetes. 
 
There are many benefits associated with physical activity:
1. Controls weight gain
2. Manage cholesterol levels
3. Alleviate stress and enhance self-confidence
4. Strengthens the body and delivers a sense of well-being
5. Helps control blood pressure (limit the chances of cardiovascular ailments)
6. Limit the possibilities of arthritis and osteoporosis
7. Delivers a better standard of life
8. Provides complete physical fitness and comfort.
 
 
Facts & fictions about diabetes
 
People should have a precise knowledge regarding diabetes. Education and knowledge are the key tools to overcome this disease. But there are some myths concerning this health problem.
Some are given below:
 
1. An overweight person tends to have more contact to promote type 2 diabetes. False- 
Staying overweight or fat can give roots to diabetes but it doesn't mean that being obese one can certainly develop the risk of type 2 diabetes. Slim people can also lead to having type 2 diabetes.
 
2. Exercise cannot prevent diabetes. False- 
Exercise is as important as a proper medication for diabetes. Regular exercise supports to control weight gain, makes better cardiovascular issues, brings newness in life, helps to control blood sugar levels and alleviates stress and anxiety.
Recommendation- People with diabetes must consult their doctor regarding exercises to prevent diabetes.
 
3. Low chance of diabetes in children. False-
Mostly kids with type 1 diabetes will require using insulin for a lifetime until a remedy is discovered one day. 
 
4. Diabetes is not a serious disease. False-
Do remember, diabetes is also considered a serious life-threatening disease. Usually, the lifespan of an individual suffering from diabetes can be shorter than the life expectancy of a normal individual.
 
5. Taking excess sugar can give roots to diabetes. False-
Excess sugar makes a person fat/obese and leads to weight gain which can be one reason to develop a high risk of developing diabetes. But not in most cases, if a person is physically fit and active, he/she may have little possibilities to experience diabetes.
 
6. Expecting of not having diabetes. False-
The expectation of having normal blood sugar is good but blind expecting is not a good solution. Whether you have a normal life free from any disease, still one can get affected by this serious disease. Thus, self-monitoring of blood sugar levels should be done especially after the age of 35 to 40.
 
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