The brain is the body’s control centre. It keeps the body working smoothly and it looks after thoughts, feelings and memory.
Different parts of the brain have different jobs to do. The largest part is called the cerebrum, or forebrain. It looks like a huge half – walnut. The cerebrums main job is to sort out and respond to messages sent to it from the senses. It also stores information, as memory, and it thinks. Messages from the senses are managed by the cerebrum’s sensory area, while the motor area controls the muscles. Thinking, memory and speech are managed by the parts known as the association areas. The cerebellum (or hindbrain) is below the cerebrum. It works with the cerebrum’s motor area to ensure that the muscles function smoothly.